Demantoid garnet is a variety of Andradite, a mineral of the silicate group, belonging to the garnet family.
The peculiarity of this garnet, which made it a different kind of andradite, is its fire, its brilliance. This is where its name comes from, "demant" from old German or "adamas" from Greek means "diamond".
The first deposits of demantoid garnet were discovered in 1853 in the Ural Mountains of Russia, and over time other deposits have been discovered in Namibia, Madagascar and Afghanistan. However, these stones are extremely rare, and it is very rare to find stones larger than one carat. It is the rarest garnet.
The color of demantoid garnet is consistently green, though there may be shades ranging from greenish-yellow (almost like peridot) to greenish-brown. As its name implies, demantoid garnet is very bright, its dispersion is greater than that of diamond, which explains the multicolored fire in the heart of this stone.
This garnet is characterized by its calcium and iron silicate content, traces of chromium and iron are the source of its color.
Garnet is rated 7.5 out of 10 on the Mohs scale, so its varieties such as demantoid garnet are also rated 7.5 out of 10.
Like all garnets, demantoid garnet does not undergo any embellishment treatment beyond cutting and polishing.
Garnet is the birthstone of January, while demantoid garnet can specifically be given for the 17th wedding anniversary.
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