In ancient Egypt, peridot was highly valued as a gemstone. It represented the stone of the sun, belonging to the mystical world because of its brilliance that makes it easy to find. The queen of Egypt, Cleopatra, loved this stone so much that her guards watched the mines and executed anyone who tried to get their hands on it. Cleopatra had a famous ornament made of peridots that were long believed to be emeralds!


Peridot is a member of the Olivine family.


Its name comes either from the Arabic word "faridat" meaning a precious stone, pearl, or from the Latin word paederos, derived from the Greek Παιδέρως, ( παιδός "young boy" and έρως "love").

Extraction sites

The finest peridots are mined in northwestern Kashmir in the Suppatt mining area of the Himalayas. Other major deposits are in South Africa, Australia, Burma, Brazil, the United States and historically on Zerbiget Island (Red Sea).


Peridot's color spectrum ranges from yellowish green to brownish green. The most popular colors for jewelry range from lime green to a deeper grass-like green.


Peridot is composed of magnesium ferrous silicate, (Mg, Fe)2SiO4. The iron present in its composition gives it these green tones.


The Mohs scale rates peridots 7.5 out of 10, moreover, peridot is a stone almost devoid of inclusions especially when the stone is of medium size.


The peridot does not undergo any particular treatment, which can modify its aspect.


Peridot is the birthstone of August and can be given for the 6th wedding anniversary.

Famous peridots

Peridot was highly prized for beautiful ornaments and jewelry. Napoleon gave it to Josephine and Archduchess Isabella of Austria also had a sumptuous set of earrings, a necklace, a brooch and a tiara !

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