Spessartite garnet is a variety of stone of the garnet family. It belongs precisely to the aluminous manganese pole Pyralspite.
*Spessartite* simply refers to the place where this species was first discovered, in 1832 : Spessart in Bavaria, Germany. Garnet seems to come from the Latin "malum granatum" meaning pomegranate, a reference to its most common color, or from "granum" which means grain, recalling its shape.
Like rhodolite garnet, spessartite garnet is found primarily in Africa, notably in Mozambique, Madagascar, Tanzania and Namibia. China, Brazil, and the United States also have fine deposits of spessartite.
The colors of spessartite garnet range from orange-red to bright orange, some are even orange-brown or orange-yellow. The most sought after are those that are intense and bright orange, free of yellow or brown tones. The name fanta refers to spessartite garnets with an exceptional bright color.
The spessartite garnet is a species of aluminous garnets (whose formula is Mn3Al2 (SiO4) 3). Its color is caused by manganese and varies according to the quantity of iron also present in its composition.
Spessartite garnet is rated 7.5 out of 10 on the Mohs scale, it is a resistant stone like all other garnets and beryls (emerald, aquamarine and morganite).
Garnets have the particularity of not being sensitive to treatment of any kind (thermal, radiation ...), so the spessartite garnet is not modified.
The garnet is associated with the month of January, the spessartite garnet is more precisely associated with the 3rd year of marriage.
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