Sphene is a relatively unknown stone, with a yellow, greenish brown or red color. It is a rather fragile stone, whose use in jewelry is quite complex.
Nevertheless, the sphene has a very singular beauty: its brightness is worthy of diamond, while it enjoys intense fires.
Sphene is a silicate of titanium and calcium and therefore belongs to the group of sillicates.
Sphene comes from the Greek word "sfena" which means to wedge, because of its natural wedge shape.
The first Sphene was discovered in 1795 in the Bavarian forest, in Hauzenberg, the other main deposits are in Madagascar, Brazil and Canada.
The amount of iron and its level of oxidation greatly influence its color, making it vary from yellow-green to green-brown. In addition, its fire (ability to scatter light of all colors of the light spectrum) is superior to that of diamond, giving it such a bright luminous glow.
Sphene is a silicate of iron and titanium. Its high concentration of titanium is also sometimes called titanite and the oxidized iron plays on its impregnable color.
Sphene is a relatively soft stone, its strength is rated 5 to 5.5 by the Mohs scale.
Sphene is generally not treated. Heat treatment causes it to lose its color to a duller red or orange.
The discovery of this stone, in 1795, earned it a late arrival on the stone market, so it is not associated with any month of the year or wedding anniversary.
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